The adult almond moth has a wing span of 19 mm. The larvae can take on a pinkish or greenish hue and can reach a length of 15 - 20 mm. The Cigarette Beetle is about 2-4mm in length. These scientific names, usually derived from Latin, are generally pieced together from words that represent what the insect is or what it can do ("Praying Mantis" = "Mantis religiosa"). Top. This checklist follows a roughly phylogenetic sequence. Terblanche2 and J.B. Ball3 (Editors) 1 Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa 2 School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Private Bag X6001, North West University, Potchefstroom, 2520 3 Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology and Centre for Agricultural The stick insects of South Africa are placed in two suborders, each containing one local family. The drugstore beetle is not a major pest in stored grains. Adult – 0.8 - 3mm long. Rice weevils have four faint red-brown spots on the back of the abdomen. The footless, slim larvae are curved and hairy and grow to a length of 5-6mm. This beetle lives and feeds in warehouses and stores, especially feed and health food stores. Besides tobacco, the pest infests cocoa, nuts, dried fruits, coffee, corn maize, wheat and spice. These weevils attack all legumes, including kidney beans, green beans, peas and lentils. Our illustration above shows a two spotted spider mite … Habitat Commonly found in association with acacias in dry areas. No larval stages. The insects have already destroyed hundreds and thousands of acres of crops in East Africa, and the UN is calling for international help to quell the crisis. References. Under adverse conditions, may pass through a long and very resistant stage called a hypopus. South African authorities aim to prevent the development of flying swarms by intervening soon after the insects have hatched or while they’re in the so-called hopper stage, the department said. It is a dark brown beetle with light brown spots and long antennae. With temperature limits of 15 - 32°C, broadhorned flour beetles cannot complete their life cycle below 10°C. Tweet. In ideal conditions the life cycle can be completed in as few as 30 days. The female lays approximately 400 - 500 eggs, with peak oviposition occurring during the first week. In the next section, I’ll explain exactly why the demand for edible insects is increasing across the world. White or pale brown. It is important to know what part of the plant to use and how it can be used for culinary concoctions; some are edible only in certain seasons or after certain preparations. When the larva is mature, it will actively leave the food source and search for a site in which to pupate. Adult beetle is a pest of stored maize, but also infests other types of grain. Mating occurs almost immediately after adult emergence, with oviposition for one to six days following. The South American Tarantulas can reach more than 20 cm in length and are amongst the world's largest spiders (significantly bigger than their North American counterparts). Adults fly readily. Sign in to join mission. The female lays between 100 - 700 eggs (usually 200) in and among the food source and usually fastens the eggs to the infested material. Flying Insects Wings can be a hidden or an utterly obvious quality of some insects, allowing them to fly for short durations or over very long distances. She lays about 200 eggs in her lifetime. They have also been known to feed on leather, wool, hair and books. Red Spider Mite The insect is very small. The larvae develop in flour, cereal products, and many other dried foods, including grains, cereals, bread, pasta products, dried meat, dried fruit and nuts, sugar, chocolate, candy, tobacco products and drugs. Red bumps and a rash or lesions accompany the severe itching on a sun-exposed area. It is frequently associated with hot spots in farm-stored grain. Passes through two, 8 legged nymphal stages. 3.0 - 4.0 5mm in length. Ants are small insects that are best identified by their elbowed antennae and unique node-like structure that gives them their thin waists. The larvae are a light honey color and about 6 mm long. The cigarette beetle has the head bent down nearly at right angles to the body giving it a humped back appearance when viewed from the side. Mature larvae seek a sheltered place to pupate for between 7 and 11 days. The adult beetles live from 2 to 4 weeks and during this time the females may deposit between 20-100 eggs. It is a scavenger that feeds on molds, dead insects, and damaged foods. Light red to dark reddish brown. The larva is up to 10mm long, and pale cream with indistinct dark brown markings. If left unchecked, heavy leaf fall and die back of twigs and branches occurs. Pupae are first white, turning yellow, and are not enclosed in a cocoon. One small patch of white on each wing case, otherwise red–brown to black. Search. AgriProtein, the South African business I talked about earlier, has been developing its insect based protein feed, extruded oil, and fertilisers since 2009. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone. Common Ants in South Africa. Chiggers prefer to feed on areas of skin under tight clothing (like waistbands, socks, etc.) The Rust-red flour beetle has well developed wings and has been observed to fly. Me vs. A diagnostic tool and information reference for the four Asian species of fruit fly (Diptera, Tephritidae) that have become accidentally established as pests in Africa, including the Indian Ocean Islands.. Marc De Meyer 1, Salah Mohamed 2 & Ian M. White 3. Most of their life is spent within the grain kernel. Larger larvae may tunnel into kernels to feed. Emergence holes of the granary weevil are fairly large and tend to be more ragged than smooth and round. Migrate to pupate in solid material. ... Nymphs are red and wingless. The sides of the rust-red flour beetle are curved, whereas the thorax of the confused flour beetle is straighter. I check for them after rains but they are gone. Common Garden Pests and Red Spider Mites The scientific name of the Red Spider Mite is Tetranychus telarius. Red Bugs feed primarily on seeds but will also feast on plant stems. The classification has been substantially updated (Schuh & Slater 1995), and the older names Amphibicorisae and Hydrocorisae have been dropped. Characteristically the body is dark green in colour with a red … Weevils in the pupa stage have snouts like the adults. Below is a listing of several common insects by both their name and by their assigned scientific name. Lifecycle usually lasts between 1.5-6 months. Pages in category "Insects of South Africa" This category contains only the following page. In one of the continent's largest collaborative conservation projects to date, South Africa has become the first megadiverse country to fully assess the status of its entire flora. Favours moist environmental conditions; common in damp poorly ventilated rooms. Caterpiller at suikerbosrand Nature reserve, 30 minutes from my house - Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa (6818808588).jpg 505 × 768; 143 KB Ceryx anthraciformis, a, Groenkloof NR.jpg … Peter said: “Something a little different, the smaller things in life seen early Saturday on a cloudy […] Larva — as D. lardarius but with an orange stripe running down the length of the back. Pests & Diseases We have 434 guests and 4 members online. The Rust-red flour beetle is red-brown in color. Circular holes are cut for the adult to emerge. Cheese mites have soft, hairy cream white bodies with 8 hairless legs and adults grow up to an approximate 0.5mm in length. It also touches on collecting, displaying and curating insects and explains 'How to use this book'. They also contaminate the grain with larval skins and setae which have been known to cause gastrointestinal irritation. Commonly feeds on flour, cereals and fungi. Elongate oval. They are similar in appearance to the saw-tooth grain beetle, but they lack the tooth-like projections and are somewhat broader. The Cigarette Beetle feeds off tobacco, dry stored food products, spices, seeds, grains and dried plant material. Also known as the Greater Rice Weevil. Prefers warm damp conditions. The larva burrows into food and creates silk tunnels in which it will be concealed while feeding. The pupal stage varies between 6 and 21 days. They have also been reported in rice, dried potatoes, paprika, raisins, grain-based mouse bait and dried straw flowers. Is a very common commercial pest infesting a variety of grain and food materials. Larva bores tubular passages into the grain, typically making one main tunnel with smaller ones branching off. Photos taken by PETER DE GROOT yesterday morning. Adult females begin laying eggs around 3 - 4 days after emerging. The quantity of white on the underside may vary according to species. While lady beetles are probably the best known red and black bugs, there are hundreds of red and black true bugs (Hemiptera), and many share similar markings that make them tough to identify. Brought in from tropical Central America in cassava roots and tapioca products, as well as in starchy fruits and tubers. Common Ants in South Africa. Feeds on rice, peanuts, dried animal skins, as well as its preferred natural foods such as wheat and malted barley. South Africa boasts plenty of exquisite flora and fauna. Maize Weevils are frequently regarded as primary pests of grain since they are able to infest otherwise undamaged grain. Here’s an incredible close-up view of a collection of South Africa’s insects at the Kenneth Stainbank Nature Reserve in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal… with some of them as exquisite as the flowers upon which they sit. The Red List of South African Plants Online provides up to date information on the national conservation status of South Africa's indigenous plants. The last instar larva leaves the food to find a suitable place for pupation. They have been reported in grain, flour, and other cereal products, beans, cacao, cottonseed, shelled nuts, dried fruit, dried vegetables, drugs, spices, chocolate, dried milk and animal hides. The eggs are laid loosely on the infested material. Black with a whitish band across the fore–part of the elytra. It is an important post–harvest pest and occurs spread all over the world. A. Antlions of South Africa; Media in category "Insects of South Africa" The following 2 files are in this category, out of 2 total. The aquatic bugs of southern Africa are placed in 17 families. To get rid of the bugs you have to do it while it is still in the nymph stadium. Eggs laid singly on moist substances and typically develop in 3–19 days. When agitated or crowded, they may secrete chemicals called quinones. The body has a slender cylindrical form and the head is hidden under the round neck-shield. They have also been seen to infest buckwheat, peas, acorns, chestnuts and cottonseed. The larvae will grow for 30 to 140 days, become less active and look for a dark place to pupate. Heavy infestation causes pitting and roughening of fruit skin, and the fruit remains undersized. Long orange tufts of hair on the last abdominal segment. The female lays an average of 10 eggs on a grain of maize and the hatched larvae bore into the grain. Fire Bug. Females lay up to 120 eggs either singly or in batches during early summer. Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. We have a treasure trove of edible and medicinal plants within our rich plant kingdom in South Africa. 5.1. This makes an infestation difficult to remove in the milling process. Learn more below about common species of Stored Product Insects (SPIs) found in South Africa. Flattened body with very long antennae. The life cycle takes about 35 days and the larvae feed in the top few centimetres of the food stuff. The life cycle is about 30 to 40 days during the summer, and 123 to 148 days during the winter, depending on temperature. The egg hatches into a young larva which bores toward the center of the kernel, feeds, grows, and pupates there. Any contributions would be welcome, and should be mailed to the list co-ordinator. The upper surfaces of the body are a shiny metallic bluish-green. The larvae undergo 4 - 7 molts, resulting in the shedding of numerous cast skins. As insect eating gains wider acceptance, especially in Europe, USA and Canada, there is a huge opportunity for Africa to exploit the growing global demand for healthy insect products. The young larvae confine themselves to silken tubes which are constantly spun. On cereal grains, the embryo is a suitable food material. These chemicals can cause the infested feed to turn pink and have a pungent odor. The confused flour beetle was named because of the confusion over its identity. The classification has been substantially updated (Schuh & Slater 1995), and the older names Amphibicorisae and Hydrocorisae have been dropped. Artificial ponds assure continuous societal water supply, especially during droughts. Safari company Tailored safari specialists. Terblanche2 and J.B. Ball3 (Editors) 1 Lepidopterists’ Society of Africa 2 School of Environmental Sciences and Development, Private Bag X6001, North West University, Potchefstroom, 2520 3 Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology and Centre for Agricultural The life cycle can be completed in as few as 4 - 6 weeks but usually takes about 3 months. If left uncontrolled, this beetle can cover the surface of stored grain making it appear alive with crawling larvae. The saw-toothed grain beetle is one of the most common insects in stored grain and cereal products. Depending on the structure of the ecosystem in a given area and man's view point, a certain insect might or might not be considered a pest. There is a dark straight band across the forewing, which is paler on the inner edge. These insects thrive on grapevine mealy bugs and red scales. Elytra (wing cases) have ridges with indentations. The almond moth infests stored products and the adults can fly. Quick moving. It feeds on grain, cereal products, oilseeds and dried plant products, like nuts, fruit and tobacco. The adult moth has brownish grey forewings crossed with two light bands. The Granary Weevil is among the most destructive of all stored grain insects. They are common in habitats with large numbers of fly larvae, e.g. Pupation takes place inside the hollow shell of the seed or in the "flour" that accumulates with infested grain. Two red-billed oxpeckers, searching for insects on a young impala, Aepyceros melampus, rams face in the Kruger National Park, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. They possess a long slender snout and cannot fly. They are shiny red-brown to black. Many insects use bright colors to warn predators to avoid them. Adult is brown and is approximately 3 mm. The adult Indian Meal Moth causes no damage. 9–11 days at 23°C and 90% relative humidity. This project is the first phase of the African Insect Atlas, which aims to unleash the potential of insects in conservation and sustainability research. The larvae are whitish with a yellow head. The beetles are attracted to poultry operations, which have ideal conditions for their development. It is a stronger flier than the rice weevil. The pupal stage lasts 7 to 24 days during the spring. The larvae develop inside kernels of whole grain in storage. Black with a whitish band across the fore-part of the elytra. Pupation occurs after a prepupal period of 1 - 2 days, and adults emerge 3 - 5 days later. The cheese mite favours warm, moist conditions and eggs mature in 10 days at room temperatures. Following five years of parallel academic and manufacturing research, AgriProtein has raised $11 million from strategic partners to commercialise and globalise its revolutionary concept. The adult rice weevil is 2.5 - 3.5 mm long and has a slender, hard-shelled bodies that appear pitted or scarred with tiny holes. Adult — 0.5 mm long. Once you get an infestation, you will find red spider mites everywhere on the plant and it is important to take care of the infestation before the plant becomes permanently damages. An adult beetle may live up to two years. Brown body colour. The list of aquatic bugs is compiled from Poisson (1956), … Location: Pinetown, South Africa (near Durban, KwaZulu-Natal). Eggs are deposited directly in flour, other food material, or attached to the surface of the container. Mostly dark brown in colour, with mottled lighter brown markings. The true bugs can be divided into five suborders: Sternorrhyncha, Fulgoromorpha, Cicadomorpha, Coleorryhncha and Heteroptera. G a r d e n i n g i n S o u t h A f r i c a. The following is an overview of common pests and how to control them organically. Quick moving. When they're not mating, they're foraging for dropped seeds beneath herbaceous plants. The larvae are white in color with a brown head and neck shield. The larvae are about 4 mm long and somewhat bent. They are destructive in both the larval and adult stages, although the larval stage is the most destructive. Baboon spiders are a sub-family of tarantula that includes more than 40 individual species in South Africa alone. Larvae are honey–yellow, they have a smooth, highly polished, shiny, elongate, hard, worm-like body, and can grow to 30mm long. Nymphs — very small, often appear transparent. Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa - Author: Steve Woodhall - Year Published: 2005 - Page: 92 A common pest not only in grain bins, but also, mills, processing plants, warehouses, and kitchens. Dark-brown beetle with yellow-brown to red-brown markings on the wing covers. Their larvae produce the web material commonly found in food, such as dried fruits, whole wheat and, cornmeal, and shelled or ear corn. They are also covered with fine hairs which may trap dust, giving a dirty appearance. The humped thorax covers the head, its front rim has teeth–like indentations. The Rust-red flour beetle has well developed wings and has been observed to fly. The drugstore beetle is a red-brown oval-shaped beetle. Males have red wings while the females are more brownish-red with white patches. Elytra (wing covers) are heavily punctated and drop off sharply at the back, giving the impression of a square end when seen from above. The list of aquatic bugs is compiled from Poisson (1956), Truxal (1990) and private collection records. Lat: -34.09 Long: 18.41. The Tobacco Moth feeds on cocoa beans and tobacco, but also infests nuts, dried fruit and cereals. South Africa: Insect Bite Prevention Preventing insect bites During your travels you may encounter all types of insects, some of which are harmless while others can carry disease. Colour: Red Lamp type: 1 LED 5w Dimensions: 150mm, Diameter: 90mm 5 Hours with insect killer 7 hours with light only Small lamp cleaning brush included … The larva has 3 pairs of legs and is very bristly. Feeds on flour, dough, semolina etc. You are here: Home. Red Bugs (Cenaeus carnifex) Cape Dwarf Gecko (Lygodactylus capensis) Epaulet Skimmer (Orthetrum Chrysostigma) Cavernous Crystalwort (Riccia Cavernosa) Ground Beetle (Cypholoba graphipteroides) Hawk Moth (Nephele comma) Field Slug (Deroceras leave) Hoverfly (Phytomia natalensis) Generation gap?? Adult – 8 - 9.5mm. Shield Bug Nymphs Michael Strydom 11 4. Adult — 4.5 - 6mm long. The females lays about 300 eggs in her lifetime. Featuring full-color photography of over 1,200 insect species, Field Guide To Insects Of South Africa is a comprehensive guide to insect fauna of South Africa, now in an updated 2004 edition. Learn how to identify the signs of stored product insects and where to look for them. At the optimum temperature for development (33°C) it takes about 45 days for the life cycle to be complete. Obligate aquatic and amphibiotic insects readily inhabit novel water bodies, as many possess mobility traits for opportunistic colonization. © Copyright of this page belongs to the author. Feeds on various animal products including cheese. The Indian meal moth female lays approximately 200 eggs, on food material during a 1-18 day period of time. Ants are small insects that are best identified by their elbowed antennae and unique node-like structure that gives them their thin waists. Adult cheese mites can live for up to 60 – 70 days. The female lays 150 - 200 eggs loosely and randomly on a food source. An approximate 3.5 – 4.5mm in length, male broadhorned beetles have two enlarged mandibles on the head, giving the appearance of horns and thus their name. Adults may live longer than 3 years, and females may lay eggs for more than a year. Hairy soft cream–white body with yellow/brown legs. Larva — comet shape. The caterpillars cover the infested goods with webbing. The insects we use, the black soldier fly larvae, are much higher in zinc, iron and calcium than beef Chef Mario Barnard works with Mopane worms which are a traditional snack in South Africa Adults can live up to 9 months. The Indian meal moth larva's is a very common commercial and pantry pest. Approx. Female lays between 400 - 500 eggs, with peak oviposition occurring during the first week. The Almond Moth goes by the nicknames “Cocoa Moth” and “Tropical Warehouse Moth”. The Tobacco Moth is an introduced pest species of moth. Red bugs feed primarily on seeds but will also feast on plant stems source. 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