The 21st Amendment is passed repealing the 18th Amendment ending prohibition of alcohol. After the fast pace of technology change in the 20's the 30's did still see some advances including Mao Tse-tung began the Long March retreat in China​. The first commercial flight over the Atlantic took place. The very first "Superman" comic is issued by Action Comics. Panicked government leaders passed the Smoot-Hawley tariff in 1930 to protect domestic industries and jobs, but it actually worsened the issue. The Canadian unemployment reached 27%. Large Quake in Atlantic Brakes Transatlantic Cable in 28 places linkLarge Quake in … The Timeline highlights significant developments in the history of financial regulation against U.S. and world events. The FBI under J. Edgar Hoover went after gangsters, and Franklin D. Roosevelt became synonymous with the decade with his New Deal and "fireside chats." If you have $100 Converted from 1930 to 2005 it would be equivalent to $1204.42 today "If You Had 1 billion dollars then it would now be worth 12 billion dollars." 170 1930s History trivia questions to answer! The 1930s timeline provides a multimedia list of the decade's events. Choose a decade to start, scroll down to read more. The Great Depression influences economies worldwide. In the first photo above, we see Wrigley Field in approximately 1930, from www.Baseballpronewscast.com. Japan experienced the deepest economic downturn in modern history during 1930-32. 1930's when the airships LZ127 Graf Zeppelin and LZ129 Hindenburg operated regular transatlantic passenger flights between Germany and both North and South America. Physicists Albert Einstein and Leo Szilard send a letter to President Roosevelt urging the United States to invest time and money into the secret development of nuclear weapons before Germany developed the technology first. Emergency Relief Appropriation Act creates the WPA or Works Progress Administration to provide millions of jobs. In 1930 average new house cost $7,145.00 and by 1939 was $3,800.00 More President Roosevelt's Revenue Act (Wealth Tax Act) begins. Gangster Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (freed in 1939; dies in 1947). They are often referred to in history as Hoovertowns after President Hoover, The 30's were a time when the depression caused by the wall street crash in late 1929 caused the world to undergo a fundamental change in lifestyles , and as part of the change some new radical politics became popular as seen in the rise of Fascism, Nazism, and Stalinism. Are you paying attention? In 1930 the average cost of new car was $640.00 and by 1939 was $700.00 More As an antidote to the war news, the classic movies "The Wizard of Oz" and "Gone With the Wind" premiered in 1939. How much do you know? After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the largest stock market crash in American history, most of the decade was consumed by an economic downfall called The Great Depression that had a traumatic effect worldwide. This should not be confused with the banking crisis of 1927 (previous lecture). The German unemployment rate reached nearly 30%. More than 24.5% of the population are unemployed in the United States. A few more prices from the 30's and how much things cost The 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression in the United States and the rise of Nazi Germany in Europe. The Spanish Civil War begins during July and does not end until 1939. Franklin Roosevelt dominated the decade and more with a presidency that saw us through that war and brought us many of the Great Society programs we have today. New anesthetics made surgery safer and less painful. The Jet Engine Britain's Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced "Peace for Our Time" in a speech after he signed a pact with Hitler's Germany. Due to poverty around the world, political extremism including Fascism, Nazism, and extreme Communism gains followers. The first successful solo around-the-world flight is completed by Wiley Post. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis waged a modern whirlwind campaign in 1930 unlike anything ever seen in Germany. The fell of the global GDP was estimated around 15 percent in 1929 until 1932. Firestone Tyre 1932 from $3.69 Single Vision Glasses 1938 $3.85 Complete Modern 10 piece bedroom Suite $79.85 Steak 1938 1LB 20 cents New Emerson Bedroom Radio 1938 $9.95 Shaefer Pens 1933 from $3.35 Plymouth Roadking Car 1938 $685 Emmerson 5 tube bedroom radio $9.95 Howard Deluxe Quality silk lined hat $2.85 Cotton Chiffon Volle Girls Frock $2.98 The gangster known as Ma Barker and a son were killed in a shootout with police, and Sen. Huey Long was shot in the Louisiana Capitol Building. 26th … Aviator Howard Hughes flies around the world in 3 days and 19 hours, setting a new record. Learn how the Nazis destroyed democracy, targeted minorities and political enemies, ... Students analyze a variety of firsthand accounts of Kristallnacht in order to piece together a story of what happened on that night. Its main consequences on the Japanese economy and society were as follows: In the 1930s, political and intellectual thinking gradually shifted from economic liberalism toward more economic control under state management. Timeline - The 1930s. The fell was high if it is compared with the Great Recession, which occurred in 2008 until 2009 for the latter one declined less than 1 percent. The beloved film starring Judy Garland "The Wizard of Oz" premieres. De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images, Hulton-Deutsch Collection / CORBIS / Corbis via Getty Images, 10 of the Most Influential Presidents of the United States. Unemployment in the United States reaches its highest level in the winter of 1932 / 1933 with nearly 1 in 3 people unemployed. Facts about Life in America in the 1930s 2: the global GDP. To provide an estimate of inflation we have given a guide to the value of $100 US Dollars for the first year in the decade to the equivalent in today's money Dictator Francisco Franco conquers Madrid ending the Spanish Civil War. Many felt the UK was overvalued and so Sterling was under pressure. Japan’s empire would grow even larger during World War II, extending almost as far south as Australia, which Japan directly attacked in 1942 and 1943. More pressingly, the economy was stuck in a deep recession, with unemployment a real problem. Strong winds strip the topsoil from the drought affected farms in the Midwest. FDR used the money to help pay for the New Deal. The fabled "Loch Ness Monster" is spotted in Scotland for the first time. Social Security was enacted in the United States. 1930s. The 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression in the United States and the rise of Nazi Germany in Europe. The United States Social Security Act is signed into law. Important Events in 1930 Jan 5 Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire" Mar 12 Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax Mar 13 Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory The 1930s, or the Thirties, was a decade that began on January 1, 1930 and ended on December 31, 1939. The FBI under J. Edgar Hoover went after gangsters, and Franklin D. Roosevelt became synonymous with the decade with his New Deal and "fireside chats." Many of the items listed for each year are linked to further information in the form of images, audio, and video. There were two causes of this depression. Hitler traveled the country delivering dozens of major speeches, attending meetings, shaking hands, signing autographs, posing for pictures, and even kissing babies. Almost 6,000 shantytowns, called Hoovervilles, sprang up in the 1930s. Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in the "Race of the Century.". The Christ the Redeemer monument was built in Rio de Janeiro. During the 1930s, life in Alabama was much different than it is today. Albert Einstein wrote a letter to FDR about building an. Unlike economic crises of the past, the Great Depression was long lasting and touched almost every area of American life. 1932 This momentous decade ended with the beginning of World War II in Europe with Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland in September 1939. Uruguay defeats Argentina to win the title. Year 1934, Stucco Bungalow, Oakland California , 5 room stucco bungalow , breakfast room , separate garage, delightful location, Shantytowns form consisting of wood and cardboard in the United States. Action Comics continued to grow and Superman is seen in a comic for the first time, If you have $100 Converted from 1930 to 2005 it would be equivalent to. Slum Clearance begins in New York and other major US cities. Parker Brothers introduced the iconic board game Monopoly, and Penguin brought out the first paperback books. The prototypical superhero Phantom makes his first appearance. Smoot-HawleyTariff bill is passed, raising duties on imports. 1930s Important News and Events, Key Technology Fashion and Popular Culture The Thirties saw the growth of Shanty Towns caused by the Great Depression, Dust Storms, Radical Politics Around The World, and what many consider an upside down world where bank … The 30's also provided a strange phenomenon never repeated where bank robbers and murderers were thought of as celebrities ( a sort of modern Robin Hood ) which in truthfulness they did not rob from the rich to give to the poor just to rob and murder any who got in their way. The Memorial Day Massacre takes place in Chicago. In 1930 a gallon of gas was 10 cents and by 1939 was 10 cents Japan Invades China and seizes Peking, Tietsin, Nanjing, Shanghai and Hangchow. Play our quiz games to test your knowledge. Amelia Mary Earhart disappeared over the Pacific Ocean during a circumnavigation flight attempt. Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow die after a shoot out with FBI. Timeline 1930s. However unemployment fell substantially in … John Herbert Dillinger ( Public Enemy Number 1 ) bank robber dies after a shoot out with the FBI. Francis Scott Key's "Star Spangled Banner" is officially named the United States' national anthem. Jesse Owens wins 4 Gold medals at the Berlin Olympics. 8. More 1900s A European financial crisis (failure of German and Austrian banks) threatened to harm the UK’s financial system. The Civil War novel "Gone With the Wind" was published. The BBC broadcasts a wider range of Television Programmes until the Outbreak of War in 1939 and TV stays off the air until 1946 , many of the technical staff are used during for the development of Radar for the war effort The 1930s marked the high point of Japan’s pre-World War II empire, when Imperial Japan’s territory stretched from mainland China to Micronesia. Lou Gehrig retires from Major League Baseball after being diagnosed with ALS. There were many reasons for this, including: (i) influence of Marxism; (ii) apparent s… Germany attacks Poland starting World War II. The Fair Labor Standards Act ( Wages and Hours Bill ) passes. The wearing of Sunglasses became popular in the 30's, Big band or swing music becomes popular (from 1935 onward), The Film Wizard of OZ And millions of other things. 1930s he published a series of critically acclaimed novels, each set in California's central ust still landowners launched a campaign to extend the ban to other counties. “The Star Spangled Banner” officially becomes national anthem. The First Photocopier Invented but not commercial available till 1948 The first public television broadcasts begin in London. The 1930s were humanity's darkest, bloodiest hour. The 1930s Medicine and Health: OverviewMajor developments in the field of medicine and health occurred during the 1930s. Nov 18, 1929. King Edward VIII abdicates to marry American divorcee Wallis Simpson. Gone with the Wind Seventy-five years ago, Spain's future hung in the balance--between the rising forces of fascism and the potential of a working-class revolution. The Depression’s pain was felt worldwide, leading to World War II. A major earthquake in Chile killed 30,000. Example of a house for sale for $3,750 Historical Events for the Year 1930. By the start of 1933 unemployment in Britain was 22.8%. "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs" made its debut as the first full-length animated feature. 1930s Historical Events Timeline created by antoniopeak57. The United Kingdom's "999" Emergency Telephone Service begins operations. The German airship Hindenburg bursts into flames while attempting to moor at Lakehurst, New Jersey. Amelia Earhart becomes the first female aviator to successfully fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean. Penguin produces their first paperback books, bringing affordable modern literature to the masses. Transforming Germany in the 1930s Holocaust. Racism in 1930s The victorious chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel once said,” Hatred, racism, and extremism have no place in our society.” Although that might apply to the era we live in right now, 1930s was completely different from now because it was controlled by racism. Notorious Scottsboro trial begins, exposing depth of Southern racism. Legendary player Babe Ruth retires from the sport of baseball after hitting his 714th home-run. Source for information on The 1930s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview: U*X*L American Decades dictionary. In the 1920s, Nebraska and the nation as a whole had a lot of banks. Many things happened during those two decades; the Great Depression, Prohibition, the rise of fascism in Europe, come immediately to mind. 6  7  World trade plummeted 66% as measured in U.S. dollars between 1929 and 1934. The credibility of the opposition diminished following Steinbeck's receipt of the 40. Scientists developed vaccines for crippling diseases like poliomyelitis (commonly known as polio), while new "sulfa" drugs promised therapy for a wide range of infections. Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath (1939). 1931 was a pivotal year for the UK economy. Orson Welles' radio adaptation of The War of the Worlds is broadcast. Superman burst onto the comic book scene. The RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage. All German boys were required to join Hitler Youth and the formation of the Rome-Berlin axis. The popular cartoon character "Betty Boop" makes her debut in "Dizzy Dishes.". The first Volkswagen Beetle came off the production line. But none of that can account for what happened in the single year of 1930. (Almost exactly a year later, Britain was at war with Germany.). 6th January » The first Diesel engine diesel-engined automobile trip is completed, from Indianapolis Indianapolis, Indiana, to New York City New York, New York. The massive hitting that year resulted in scores that looked more like football scores than baseball scores. Pablo Picasso - Pablo Picasso - The 1930s: The privacy of his life with the undemanding Marie-Thérèse formed a contrast to the hectic pace of life kept by Olga and her bourgeois circle of society friends. The popular cartoon character Betty Boop made her debut. The Great Terror of political repression began in the Soviet Union. Here are 17 rare photos that will remind you of what life was like in Alabama during the 1930s: We’re aware that these uncertain times are limiting many aspects of life. The decade begin in depression, which dug so deep into the soul and conscience of the nation that only a World War could really make a dent in its depth. The continued increase in use of Radio for entertainment and the refinement of the Airplane for travel As farmers left in search of work, they became homeless. Prince Albert, the Duke of York, becomes King George VI of England in May. (They were lowered four years later under President Franklin D. At the beginning of the 20s, Nebraska had 1.3 million people and there was one bank for every 1,000 people. US Neutrality Acts of the 1930s and the Lend-Lease Act, Timeline of World War II From 1939 to 1945, An Overview of the Key Events of World War II, What Was the Atlantic Charter? Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. 1930s History trivia quizzes. Notorious gangster Al Capone is convicted of Income Tax Evasion. Tea Bags Are introduced and sold Commercially Who Were the Democratic Presidents of the United States? The Thirties saw the growth of Shanty Towns caused by the Great Depression, Dust Storms, Radical Politics Around The World, and what many consider an upside down world where bank robbers were seen as hero's not villains. 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1930th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 930th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1930s decade. Margaret Mitchell's epic Civil War novel "Gone With the Wind" is published. Over 20% of the workforce are unemployed in the United Kingdom. That allowed the government to collect taxes on sales of now-legal alcohol. Australia becomes independent from England. An anti-fascist protester is arrested during the battle of Cable Street on 4 October 1936. In History. Then, in the early 1930s, the economy was struck by depression. 1930 More than four million people are unemployed as a result of the Wall Street Crash of … The machine gun is demonstrated by a Japanese scientist. US suffers worst ever drought in its history, leading to the Dust Bowl years. The Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, also known as "The Rock," opens near San Francisco and is used to hold some of the more dangerous and well-known U.S. criminals. Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as the President of the United States.   In 1933, Prohibition was repealed. In 1930 the average income per year was $1,970.00 and by 1939 was $1,730.00 Reduce budget deficit through fiscal consolid… Most everyone living in Alabama during this time period were either farmers, steel workers or miners. The 1930s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewThe 1930s were dominated by the Great Depression, the biggest economic crisis the nation had ever known. Disney introduces the character of "Donald Duck" in the animated short "The Little Wise Hen.". Definition and 8 Points, Hoovervilles: Homeless Camps of the Great Depression, How the Great Depression Altered US Foreign Policy, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, Germany issued the Anti-Jewish Nuremberg Laws, "The War of the Worlds" caused widespread panic, The Night of Broken Glass (Kristallnacht), Nazis began its euthanasia program (Aktion T-4), B.A., History, University of California at Davis, President Herbert Hoover signed the Smoot-Hawley Tariff bill, raising tariffs on imports. Jan 1 Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant Jan 1 Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever Jan 1 16th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Pittsburgh, 47-11 Nine black teens and young men known as the. Mahatma Gandhi and his followers march 200 miles to the salt beds of Jalalpur. The UK’s membership of the gold standard also looked under threat. 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