Higher altitudes in high valleys and on slopes of Rocky Mountains in southwestern Alberta. Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. Needle-like, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, curved upwards on the branch, greyish-green to bluish-green, rounded or notched at the tip. Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) nearly stalkless, 4 – 5 cm long, dark brown at maturity; cone scales are covered with whitish hairs and have 3-toothed bracts; seeds are small and winged. Pollen cones (male) quite small, yellow; seed cones (female) 1 – 2.5 cm . It is used for lumber for rough construction, fence posts, poles, railway ties and pulpwood. Needle-like, thick, stiff, sharp-pointed, slightly curved, in bundles of 5, tightly clustered at the ends of twigs, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, dark green. The wood is moderately light, soft, relatively strong, resilient, straight grained and nearly white colour. January 23, 2019. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta, usually in muskeg and boggy areas. In areas adjacent to jack pine, the two species integrate. That’s right, fast growing trees. If the tree is a conifer, see the conifer identification key. Wood is light, soft, relatively low in strength and white in colour. There are several references on plant identification available to Albertans. Needle-like in bundles of 5, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, stiff and somewhat curved, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, dark yellow-green. A tall, slender pine with little taper and a straight trunk; can grow to 30 m or more in height. Needle-like, 4 sided, stiff, 2.0 – 2.5 cm long; bluish-green. 55 p. Year: 1986 Issued by: Northern Forestry Centre Catalog ID: 24747 Language: English CFS Availability: PDF (download) Mark record The western red cedar claimed the title of British Columbia’s provincial tree on … NOTES:Subalpine Fir (A. Occurs throughout central and northern Alberta in wetter areas, usually in pure stands on muskeg, but also mixed with lodgepole pine or white spruce in well-drained mineral soils bordering muskeg sites. Wood is moderately heavy, hard, strong, straight-grained and pale brown in colour. Trees with single needles are typically spruces, firs, cypress, or hemlocks. Wood and Uses Balsam Firs or Abies balsamea only accounts for three percent of Alberta’s softwood. Distribution On better sites it can form a component of virtually any type of stand. Birch, River. Distribution It is suitable for pulp and for making boxes and crates. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide. After pressure treatment with preservatives, lodgepole pine makes excellent railway ties, utility poles and mine timbers. Dwarf Alberta Spruce is commonly known as Black Hills Spruce and is another excellent dwarf evergreen tree. Whitish to cream coloured wood which is short fibred, and relatively low in strength. A mountain species found scattered along the timber line of the Rocky Mountains. It is used mainly for lumber for building construction and pulp; also suitable for making boxes and crates. Cones Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. These miscreants can be either beetles or clearwing moths, but the end result is the same. Although it is suitable for both lumber and pulp, because of remote and inaccessible locations where it is generally found, alpine larch is of very little commercial importance, However, it is of importance in controlling run-off and erosion in high mountains. Leaves Western Red Cedar. Occurring on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains where it frequently forms dense even-aged stands as the result of fire. A small slow-growing tree from 9 to 12 m high; crown has a ragged appearance with irregularly spaced branches; leaves mostly confined to the outer branches; bark smooth, thin, greyish on young trees becoming reddish and scaly on older trees; buds often hidden by long white hair. Wood and Uses Ranging in height from a small scrubby tree up to about 25 m depending upon growing conditions; bark thin, reddish grey on young trees becoming darker grey, rough and scaly on old trunks. Steve Nix, About.com. Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and pale brownish in colour. Lumber is generally knotty and considerably less desirable than lodgepole pine, used primarily for boxes, crates and rough construction. Widespread throughout south-central and northern Alberta, succeeding Aspen poplar and pine in burned over areas. If you’re into wilderness survival, this would be a great skill for you, as it would help you to know the kind of trees whose wood you can use to make a fire or tools, or a shelter. Large tree, up to 25 m high; narrow crown and dense with drooping branches; bark smooth, ash-grey with large, horizontal resin blisters on young trees, becoming greyish-brown and scaly in older trees. The term comes from the Greek angion (vessel) and sperma (seed).To give an example, the seeds of an apple tree are carried in the fruit. Then click on any search button. On moist, well drained soils however, it can grow to heights of 25 m. The bark is rough and dark grey in colour and there are numerous small rounded reddish winter buds. Up to 30 m in height, bark at first smooth, greenish-white, becoming rough and dark grey with age, terminal bud is sharp and pointed, all buds dark brown. A dry, greenish-brown capsule, opening when mature. Needle-like, 4 sided, stiff, sharp-pointed, 2.5 – 3.0 cm long, bright green. It can be used for pulp and lumber. Distribution Deciduous trees are often called broadleaf trees because most shed their leaves in autumn. Distribution The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. Check boxes for all that apply. Helen Keating • 21 Sep 2020. There are 2 types of cherry tree: sweet cherry and sour cherry. Wood and Uses It is mainly used for pulp. Distribution The PlantSnap creators claim that at this time, their app can identify over 625,000 plants, trees & mushrooms, which I think is pretty impressive. Pollen cones (male) small, yellow; seed cones (female) usually at the ends of young twigs, drooping and turning brown at maturity, 4 – 5 cm long; scales thin, somewhat rounded with smooth margins; seeds with thin wings. Flowers Black Caterpillar Identification -- Some caterpillars are black or dark-colored, and some light-colored species have a variety of darker forms that can make identification tricky. Cones Try using a tree identification website. The cones ripen in September and release their seeds. Cones Inconspicuous, small in dense catkins, pistillate and staminate flowers on different trees. Rarely found in pure stands, it typically occurs in mixture with black spruce. Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. High altitudes, from west-central to southwestern Alberta. Conifers are also known as softwoods. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. It is used for lumber and plywood as well as pulp. In fact, larches are the only needle leaved tree to shed needles in the fall. A large tree up to 25 m high with a massive trunk and somewhat drooping branches; bark on young trees smooth and reddish brown becoming 10 – 15 cm thick and deeply fissured on old trees. However, these publications are generally not suited for field use. Wood and Uses Wood is light, close-grained, moderately soft and lemon-yellowish in colour. Leaves Along the east slopes of the Rocky Mountains from Jasper Park to Waterton and widespread in the Porcupine Hills. Balsam poplar is also used in windbreak plantings. Distribution Balsam fir also makes a good Christmas tree. broadleaf trees shed their leaves in autumn. Wood and Uses Other cultivars include \"Golden Curls\" and \"Scarlet Curls.\" The corkscrew willow is at least somewhat drought-tolerant after establishment, so it is easier to work t… Cones. lasiocarpa(Hook.) Inconspicuous, small, in staminate and pistillate catkins. Needle-like, short, thick, 4 sided, 1 – 2 cm long, blue green. Pollen cones (male) small in close clusters at the ends of young branches. Pollen cones (male) bright red; seed cones (female) drooping, reddish brown, 5 – 9 cm long, the 3-forked bracts projecting beyond the broad-rounded, stiff scales; seeds broadly winged. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. The Dwarf Alberta Spruce is another diminutive member from a family of giants that typically reach heights of 140 feet. Leaves Grows slowly and may be only 15 – 18 m in height. Both types of these trees produce sweet or sour edible berry-like fruits. Wood and Uses Wood is light, soft, resilient, straight-grained and white in colour. Navigate with above index or scroll bar. Needle-like, stiff, sharp-pointed, in bundles of two, frequently twisted, 2 – 4 cm long, yellowish-green. Alternate leaves on stems grow in a staggered pattern and they look like each leaf … Cones Alberta tree and shrub identification guide. Spruce … 1986. Cones What you will discover is the bark of trees has a unique pattern—kind of life a fingerprint. Pollen cones (male) small, bluish; seed cones (female) 6 – 10 cm long, dark purple, born at the top of the tree; cone scales fan shaped, slightly longer than broad with short spoon-shaped bracts. Aspen is especially good for panel products such as oriented strandboard and waferboard. Insect Identification -- An entertaining and authoritative guide to the insects you're most likely to find in your garden or around your home. Begin identifying your tree by choosing the appropriate region below. A greenish capsule, containing many small hairy seeds. Wood and Uses Wood is used for pulp. It was designed to gather and record information about unique trees; to help identify and locate them and to protect them as much as possible. Guide to the common native trees and shrubs of Alberta. Therefore, in some provinces, the wood is of great importance to pulp and lumber industry. Their leaves are flat and needle-like and grow between 15 and 30 mm in length. American basswood (Linden) – Tilia americana. Needle-like, somewhat flattened, 2 – 3 cm long, tapering at the base to a very short stalk, bright blue green above, pale beneath. Therefore, you will expect no two bark patterns are exactly alike. Available Tree Species. Seed cones (female) borne in pairs, closed and sealed (serotinous) usually curved and pointing towards the end of the branches, smooth and exceedingly hard, often remaining unopened on the tree for several years, yellowish-grey when mature, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened, without prickles; seeds winged. Needle-like, 4 sided, soft and flexible, 2.5 – 4.0 cm long, bluish green, clusters of 30 – 40 on dwarf twigs, turning yellow in the autumn before falling from the tree. Deciduous trees are also known as hardwoods. Wood is moderately heavy, soft and nearly white in colour. This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta … Usually 15 – 21 m in height. Note: evergreens should not be planted close to walkways, streets, or buildings because of their broad base that will become an obstruction as the tree matures. Leaves Common tree in north-eastern Alberta which has adapted to a variety of soils and climates. Central and northern Alberta, where it sometimes forms a scattered understorey in old growth stands. Distribution Wood is moderately hard and heavy, somewhat oily, decay resistant and yellowish brown to reddish brown in colour. Over time, they may girdle trees or weaken branches to the point that they break under pressure. Canada is known the world over for its vast, lush forests of trees. Preferring wetter areas, these trees can grow up to 25 m high with stout spreading branches; bark is greenish grey at the top becoming more grey and deeply furrowed at the base; winter buds are large and curved with a sticky balsam-smelling gum. Pollen cones (male) borne in small terminal clusters; seed cones (female) stout, tough, oval-shaped-pointed, woody, resinous permanently closed. Leaves The crown is symmetrical with a narrow pyramidal shape and branches extending nearly to the ground. How to Identify an Elm Tree. One common focal point is an ornamental or flowering tree. The bark is smooth, pale-grey with large resin blisters on young trees becoming roughened and reddish-brown on mature trees. Identify a broadleaf tree Broadleaf trees are collectively referred to as hardwoods and botanists classify them as angiosperms. Pollen cones (male) dark purple, 1.2 – 1.6 cm long; seed cones (female) brown to yellowish-brown at maturity, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long; cone scales broadest near the middle, irregularly toothed on outer edge with prominent bracts; seeds small with wedge-shaped wings. It can be distinguished from lodgepole pine mainly by difference in form and shape of the needles and cone characteristics. Helen Keating • 31 Aug 2017. Birch logs also make excellent fire wood. Wood and Uses This species and several varieties are widespread and common along river banks and moist wooded areas through the central and northern part of the province. It is larger, 25 m high, and its leaves are greyish-green to pale blue-green. Distribution Pollen cones (male) small, dark red; seed cones (female) semi-closed, purplish-green, 1 – 4 cm long at maturity, brown to purplish green and almost spherical, remaining on the tree for several years, scales stiff and rounded; seeds small, winged. Distribution Moderately heavy, hard and strong wood with reddish brown colour. Nutt. Bark is silvery-grey on young trees becoming very rough and almost black at maturity. 6 to 20 m in height, with whitish or silvery grey bark in thin sheets; winter buds chestnut brown, bud scales slightly downy, no distinct terminal bud. Deciduous trees have wide leaves (wider than a needle) and lose their leaves in the fall. Needle-like, 12 – 20 in feather-like clusters, soft and slender, 2 – 4 cm long, light green turning bright yellow in the autumn when they fall from the tree. Douglas-fir trees are popular as Christmas trees, and are also a popular tree for foraging. Industrial Vegetation Management Association of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta. Wood and Uses Pollen cones (male) borne in small terminal clusters; seed cones (female) conical-shaped woody and closed/sealed (serotinous), usually straight, pointed backwards towards the base of the branches, yellowish-brown often borne in clusters, 2.5 – 5.0 cm long, scales thickened and with a sharp spine at the tip of each scale; seeds winged. They have many benefits, and all parts of the tree have edible and medicinal uses, including the needles, bark, and resin. Sweet-cherry blossoms … Its many varieties are present all over the world. With its characteristic “club top”, black spruce is a small, slow growing tree, 9 – 15 m high, with the lower branches often draped with “old-man’s beard” lichen. Wood and Uses Leaves Leaves How to Identify Tree by Bark . Leaves Leaves Cones Summary; Detailed Information; Description. Cones. Distribution Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. The City of Edmonton no longer plants spruce or pine on residential boulevards for this reason. Wood and Uses May reach 25 m on sheltered sites, but on windswept slopes, often flattened and shrubby, seldom exceeding 10 m. The trunk is massive and distorted with either smooth or scaly whitish bark; branches usually deformed, bunched in the crown or flat, close to the ground. Distribution Spruce Tree Identification. Tree City USA Bulletin: What Tree is That—and Why? Ornamental trees add an interesting focal point to any landscaping. Tree borer insects cause affected parts of trees to slowly weaken as their chewing severs vital transport tissues. To identify a tree by its bark, the first step is to look at its various parts and on the basis of these, find it out in a tree. Developed before the leaves expand in the spring. North American larches are typically found in northern deciduous forests in the U.S. and Canada. Widespread throughout Alberta, it is especially important in the northern-central part of the province where it is the dominant species in the “Boreal Mixedwood” forest, being eventually succeeded by white spruce. Pollen cones (male) small produced in terminal clusters; seed cones large, cylindrical 7.5 – 20.0 cm long, yellowish-brown, with scales greatly thickened at the tip; seeds nut-like, practically wingless. White Birch What Tree Is That? Learn … The corkscrew willow is also used as an accent in floral arrangements and as bonsai. Large tree, sometimes reaching up to 35 m; crown is narrow, symmetrical, lower branches usually drooping; bark thin, scaly, reddish-brown. A large tree reaching up to 45 m; rough scaly bark, brownish to silvery grey. Alternate, simple, oval or heart-shaped, sharp-pointed, rounded teeth, 7.5 – 15.0 cm long, shiny dark green above and pale green beneath. Often mixed with Engelmann spruce, lodgepole pine and alpine larch. You should stay clear of red berries from trees such as holly trees and mistletoe trees. This variety is favored due to its twisting branches that can add winter interest. guide. Wood and Uses The most common and abundant tree in the Rocky Mountains and foothill regions. Lumber is used mainly in general construction; other uses include furniture, siding, flooring and panels. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is … Leaves Inconspicuous, small in dense catkins, pistillate and staminate flowers on different trees, formed before leaves develop in spring. Flowers long, reddish when young, becoming brown and almost spherical when mature; seeds small and winged. You might be thinking, “wait a second, I thought Pevach clears trees, not plants them.” At Pevach, we clear, cut, slash, and trim trees for a wide range of business and residential needs across Alberta and Saskatchewan. Black spruce is one of the most harvested trees in Canada, however, it is generally not harvested in Alberta. A timberline species on the slopes of the Rocky Mountains in southeastern Alberta. On well-drained mineral soils however, it can attain heights of 25 – 30 m. Typically, bark is thin, scaly and greyish with the inner bark, usually olive green. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? It is used mainly for pulp products such as books, newsprint, and fine printing paper. Red berry tree identification. Leaves Tree Identification Field Guide. Leaves ), a mountain species, is similar in appear- ance to Balsam Fir. In the mid 1980’s the Alberta Forestry Association adopted the Alberta Trees of Renown as a project. How to Recognize the Trees in Your Yard By: albertaarb - November 18, 2015. It is used for furniture, cabinets, woodenware and veneer. Use the notes you wrote and pictures you took of your leaf to utilize any of these popular tree ID sites: (Betula papyrifera) Wood and Uses Common on sand hills and thin soil in central and northeastern Alberta. Tree borers are a group of insects that lay their eggs on or inside of trees, where the young larvae eat their way through living tissues. Distribution In case you were wondering how to identify your trees when all the leaves are gone, you can always look at the tree’s bark. Cherry Trees. These Canadian trees tend to grow between 14 and 20 meters. One of the best, pocket-sized tree identification manuals. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. A small deformed, scrubby mountain tree, with short twisted limbs, usually 5 – 10 m in height. Bark on young trees contains blisters filled with resin (Canada balsam) which can be used in cementing lenses and mounting specimens for observation with a microscope. Wood is heavy, hard and reddish brown in colour. In Alberta, it is the main species used for lumber, plywood and pulp. Needle-like, in bundles of two, produced in dense clusters towards the ends of the branches, 2.5 – 7.5 cm long, yellowish-green. Wood is moderately light, soft to moderately hard and white to yellowish brown in colour. How to Identify Trees By Bark Texture There are many variations in texture between different tree species, as well. Wood and Uses Fruit Alternate, simple, in slender stalks, oval and tapering to a point, irregularly toothed, 2.5 – 19 cm long, dark green above, paler and slightly hairy beneath. Fruit Those of you lucky enough to live in Alberta are at the core of Canada’s logging and wood production, surrounded on all sides by breathtaking trees. Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. It has a thin bark, which is yellowish-brown and somewhat scaly. These focal point trees are typically smaller than standard shade trees and boasting annual flowers or colorful leaves that draw the eye and brighten the landscape. A characteristic alpine tree on high mountain slopes where it is usually much stunted and frequently deformed by strong winds. Distribution Jack pine (Pinus banksiana) is an eastern North American pine.Its native range in Canada is east of the Rocky Mountains from the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories to Cape Breton Island in Nova Scotia, and the north-central and northeast of the United States from Minnesota to Maine, with the southernmost part of the range just into northwest Indiana and northwest Pennsylvania. Wood and Uses Distribution 6 to 20 m in height, with whitish or silvery grey bark in thin sheets; winter buds chestnut brown, bud scales slightly downy, no distinct terminal bud. Spruce trees (Picea spp.) Proudly Serving Alberta for Over 15 Years. Leaves Alternate, simple, broadly oval, sharp-pointed, fine-rounded teeth, 4.0 – 7.5 cm long, borne on long, slender stalks, dark green above, pale below; leaf-stems flattened causing fluttering in wind. To identify a tree, it works best if users place a leaf on a white background to photograph. Common in forestland, abandoned farmland, burned-over areas, and river banks throughout Alberta. Tree identification sites help users identify tree by entering its characteristics and comparing the results to the thousands of tree species in their database. Wood is light, soft, relatively low in strength, somewhat brittle, and white in colour. The 16 Best Ornamental Trees for the Landscape . The seeds are very small, numerous and hairy. A characteristic alpine tree on high mountain slopes where it is usually much stunted and frequently deformed by strong winds. Leaves Wood and Uses have four sided needles that attach to a small peg on the branch. Often mixed with firs, larches and pines. Wood is light, soft, low in strength, greyish white to light greyish brown in colour. Douglas-fir also makes good Christmas trees. Distribution Maximum height 20m This is a blog post about fast growing trees suitable for planting in Alberta and Saskatchewan. If the tree is deciduous, see the deciduous tree identification key. This tree is protected (as of 2009) as an Endangered Species under the Alberta Wildlife Act. Identify common trees in your region or North America, Great for everyone from young students to professional arborists. Ideal for providing shade in backyard and along neighborhood streets, the elm tree is one of the most common trees. Conifers are often called evergreens or needle-leaved trees (although there always exceptions). Primarily used for lumber for building construction. This species is closely related to the weeping willow, and some botanists consider it to be the same tree. Alternate Leaves. 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