Virginia wild rye is a fairly upright grass, growing about 3 feet tall. This is a medium height grass that has beardless heads that remain upright at maturity. Plants that grow in sunlight tend to be more robust and a lighter shade of green than those that grow in shade. Hardy to Zones 2 - 9. It prefers rich, moist, well-drained soil in the full sun to partial to heavy shade. This grass is easy to cultivate if it receives enough moisture. Native Wetland Plants. It can be planted alone or in pasture, habitat, or floodplain mixtures. Bristly wheat-like spikey flower with hair like awns form in late spring. Native to North America. This beautiful native plant gets its name from a resemblance to true rye, though it belongs to a different genus. It makes good hay when cut early. Most vegetative growth occurs early in the year (from mid-spring to early summer). You can plant annual ryegrass in fall or spring. Rye is one of a number of species that grow wild in central and eastern Turkey, and adjacent areas. 2 Site Description: Virginia wild rye grows principally on moist soils in open woodlands and along drainageways that overflow occasionally. Elymus virginicus, commonly called Virginia wild rye, is a cool season perennial bunch grass which typically grows in a clump to 2-4’ tall. Virginia wildrye establishes easily from seed, making it ideal for native reclamation projects. Virginia wild rye produces shiny dark green forage with a blue green seed head. Its preference for cool weather and winter-hardy growth make it unusual among native species. Virginia wild rye is one of the few cool season native grasses found in the east Texas area. To use the plant as a winter annual, seed during fall in USDA growing zone 6 or warmer; and in zone 5 or colder, seed in midsummer to early fall. It does well on light-textured soil that has good internal drainage. The tufted foliage is narrow and evergreen or semi-evergreen. A short-lived cool season bunchgrass; used for soil stabilization and revegetation of wetlands, often found with Riverbank Wildrye; provides food and cover for wildlife. It prefers moist, heavy soils and is quite shade tolerant. This easy to grow vine is a rapid grower, climbs by twisting petioles, and has bright green foliage. Nodding Pink Onion Seed Allium cernuum. Photo #1/1 of Virginia wild rye (Elymus virginicus). Virginia wild rye is a cool season, native, perennial bunchgrass grass. It is a native cool-season, bunch grass that grows best in moist soils, tolerates upland sites, and likes shade or full sun. Common companions to this cool season grass are warm season grasses like Big Bluestem, Little Bluestem, Indian Grass, and Switch Grass. Virginia wildrye is found throughout the eastern 2/3rds of the United States and all of the southern, Canadian provinces. Oklahoma is starting to accept this plant as one it can use for its livestock. It is typically found in moister sites than Canadian wildrye, and will tolerate more shading. All Rights Reserved. It is a cool-season grass; actively growing during the spring and fall when soil temperatures are cool. Wild ryes are named for their similarity to true rye (Secale cereale) and are generally good forage plants. Reseeds readily. Similar to Canada Wild Rye this graceful grass grows in full sun or moderate shade. If used for pasture, it should … Quackgrass (E. repens), native to Europe, is often used for erosion… Cool season perennial bunch grass ; Common to open grasslands and woodlands associated with flood plains; Elymus virginicus or Virginia wild rye is a versatile shade tolerant cool season grass which grows just over 3' tall and offers great perennial competition against Japanese stiltgrass. Download Image. It can be confused with Canadian wild rye which is a more robust plant with longer … While the migration of the seedlings for this plant has been going on for quite a while, they are just starting to become popular in states that are not directly in the South or Southeast. Unlike many other cool season grasses, It will go dormant in winter, but can still act as winter interest. It actively grows during the spring and fall when soil temperatures are cool. Winter rye planting dates vary from August to October, depending on where you garden. See below Description. ... Virginia Wild Rye: Virginia wildrye: General Plant Information ; Plant Habit: Grass/Grass-like: Adding Actions: » Upload a photo » Post a comment » Add an event report « Add a new plant to the database « The Plants Database Front Page. It is shade tolerant, grows to heights of 2-3 feet, and prefers moist, fertile soil. It prefers heavy, fertile soils, but is extremely adaptable. Domesticated rye occurs in small quantities at a number of Neolithic sites in Turkey, such as PPNB Can Hasan III, but is otherwise virtually absent from the archaeological record until the Bronze Age of central Europe, c. 1800-1500 BC. It’s also considered quite nutritious for all kinds of livestock, whether you’re talking about cows, pigs, or horses. The clay-like soil in Oklahoma is considered one that will be able to grow this bunch grass quite abundantly. In warmer zones you’ll probably need to mow winter rye several times. Availability: Plants ship May 1st - Sep. 30th. Averages approx. Riverbank Wild Rye (Elymus riparius) - Plants: Item Id: RP.ELYRIP: Review this item: Retail Price: $35.70: Your Price: Select Tray Size. Recent studies show that it can produce as much as 400 pounds of seed per acre in a calendar year. Rye is grown as a food crop in many parts of the world and the cereal is frequently a central ingredient in breads. Canada Wild Rye nodding seed heads and warm green mid-summer color are readily identifiable. The forage is nutritious and very palatable to all types of livestock. It also possible to start new plants by division of its root system after tufts of leaves have formed. Virginia wild rye is palatable and nutritious for livestock, but it becomes tough when mature. To the naked eye, the grass can look as though it has the same kind of leaf structure as wheat, though the seedlings are quite a bit smaller on Virginia Wild Rye, Copyright © 2020 Tennessee Wholesale Nursery. The seeds require no pretreatment and they germinate readily. The grass is now one that is planted in places like South and South Central Texas and it’s most common use is as food for livestock. Virginia wild rye decreases with overgrazing. Elymus virginicus, or Virginia wildrye, is a perennial bunchgrass located in Virginia and the eastern United States. Virginia Wildrye is very unique among prairie grasses. 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